Monthly Archives: May 2011

CORRECTED-Indonesia forest decree to help CO2 projects

Source: Reuters

May 31, 2011

By David Fogarty, Climate Change Correspondent, Asia

SINGAPORE, May 31 (Reuters) – A landmark forest protection ruling by Indonesia might be good for investors trying to save carbon-rich forests, but only if a ban is enforced and progress is made in using the market to save the environment.

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono signed an order this month imposing a two-year ban on new licences to clear primary forests and peatlands, a key part of a $1 billion climate deal with Norway last year.

The decision, delayed by five months, has earned praise and concern from green groups but broad support from investors and analysts as a first step towards better protection and more transparent management of Indonesia’s dwindling rainforests.

“The next two years are critical … they have to set the stage for sustainable management in the long run,” said Frank Sperling, senior adviser on climate risks, forests and carbon at WWF Norway.

The decision also bolsters a U.N.-backed programme that aims to reward poorer nations for saving their forests by putting a price on the carbon stored in the soil and in trees. Forests soak up lots of planet-warming carbon dioxide and can play a major role in slowing the pace of climate change.

The programme, called reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD), uses carbon offsets to reward projects that protect forests under threat of clearing. Each credit represents a tonne of carbon locked away.

Indonesia has about 40 REDD projects and the programme could develop into a multi-billion dollar global market in forest carbon credits if nations agree on a new climate pact.

Bank of America-Merrill Lynch and Macquarie are investing in Indonesian REDD projects and firms such as Gazprom have committed to buy forest carbon credits.

 

“It’s definitely a step forward for REDD because if you didn’t have this, what you have is basically no moratorium on logging and you would have the peat being cleared,” said Martijn Wilder, global head of Baker & McKenzie’s environmental markets practice in Sydney.

The challenge is implementing the moratorium.

And that’s where Indonesia has often fallen short because of lack of manpower, corruption and powerful oil palm, timber and pulp and paper companies pushing to expand their landholdings.

 

ENFORCEMENT

“There is no a clear system for monitoring, verifying and reporting the success and failure of the implementation of the moratorium except using the indicative map which will be revised six-monthly,” said forest policy analyst Fitrian Ardiansyah.

As part of the presidential ruling, the government released a map of the areas to be protected. Agus Purnomo, special climate change adviser to the Indonesian president, told Reuters the area covered by the moratorium totalled 72 million hectares (180 million acres), out of the nation’s total land area of 188 mln ha.

“Also, there is no clear indication for enforcement system so that the moratorium and the overall reform of land use and forestry can be achieved successfully,” said Ardiansyah, of the Australian National University in Canberra.   Failure to enforce the ban would undermine the deal with Norway, which is aimed at promoting efforts to protect Indonesia’s forests and develop skills to measure, verify and report real emissions reductions from forest preservation.

That could scuttle a government programme to develop a REDD framework that aims to support REDD investments nationally, several of which are nearing the issuance of credits.

With the lack of a global carbon market for REDD, investors rely on selling offsets on the unregulated voluntary carbon market in which corporates buy the credits to meet emissions reduction goals.

To boost prices and integrity, many REDD projects are applying for credits to be issued under the strict rules developed by the Washington-based Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS), which has developed global benchmarks for offsets.

The 100,000 ha Rimba Raya project in Central Kalimantan developed by Hong Kong-based InfiniteEARTH hopes the moratorium will speed up the final government approvals to make it Indonesia’s first REDD project to earn VCS offsets. The project aims to prevent 100 million tonnes of carbon emissions over 30 years.

Some investors say they fear the moratorium would deter new REDD investments because the ruling meant the VCS could not issue credits now that the two forest types were protected.

The VCS will only issue credits to projects that aren’t common practice, need the additional income to be viable and, in the case of REDD projects, if the land is under threat of clearance. But it’s not that simple, given the moratorium is for an initial two years and the threat of illegal clearing remains.

“When is common practice established? Unfortunately the experience of most countries shows that you don’t stop land-clearing with the stroke of a pen,” said Jerry Seager, director of program development at the VCS, told Reuters in an email.

“It takes time and a lot of on-the-ground effort to change established economic behaviours.”

(Additional reporting by Alister Doyle in Olso; Editing by Robert Birsel)

Link: http://af.reuters.com/article/energyOilNews/idAFL3E7GV16G20110531?sp=true

The New Era Of International Business Regulations

Source : Jakarta Post
May 31, 2011
By Edi Suhardi

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono last week signed a decree suspending new concession permits and improving good governance on primary forest and carbon-rich peatland in Indonesia as part of the Indonesia-Norway agreement on the climate change program.

This decree, along with agreements inked during the ASEAN Summit earlier, showed Indonesia’s progressive move to integrate itself in the international community.

While ASEAN’s soft institutional approach to establish one community may differ from the EU, which is more institutionalized, we can see globalization drives social, economic and political actions of nation-states that to some extent erode national regulations.

In the globalized context, first, we are not speaking as Indonesian citizens, but as ASEAN society, and even, following the Bali Conference of UNFCC in 2007, world society.

Second, the political power is not vested solely by the state, particularly the executive and House of Representatives. We are now witnessing significant influence of business actors, local and international NGOs.

Third, global regulations do not regulate national states only, but also can reach multinational companies, domestic companies and the general public.

Not so long ago, most regulations were enforced by state institutions. However, since the advent of the sustainability development movement in the 1980s, many have acknowledged the importance of a softer form of regulations, such as codes or standards.

We can see the Indonesian example as far back as early 2000, such as the Indonesian Code on Good Corporate Governance issued by the National Commission on Corporate Governance.

This commission is a multi-stakeholder commission, chaired by a respected figure from the business sector, with members from various government institutions, business actors, academics and respected human rights and anticorruption activists.

The commission started as a private sector initiative, but later was formalized through a coordinating minister for the economy’s decree. This kind of regulation will be more common in the near future.

So, is law related to business in the global context still relevant?

Yes, some national laws remain relevant, especially when they are limited in areas where companies lack international exposure.

In fact, some international regulations require endorsement by national governments, such as the Kyoto Protocol or the UN convention against corruption.

However, the multipartite regulation is becoming a norm and export oriented Indonesian companies should carefully look at international business regulations, particularly social and environmental ones.

There are five regulatory actors in a globalized context as defined by Crane and Matten. First, the international imperative regulation, which results from the intergovernmental process such as GATT and ASEAN-China Free Trade Area (ACFTA).

Statistics show that after ACFTA implementation, Indonesia’s export of commodities, especially minerals and palm oil, has significantly increased but the manufacturing industry suffered.

Second, global industry codes of conduct, which are voluntary, are produced by business, such as the International Council on Mining and Metals’ (ICMM) Sustainable Development Framework.

Third, global industry codes are negotiated with government institutions, such as the European environmental management system and standard and Renewable Energy Directive (RED).

Fourth, global industry codes of conduct are negotiated with civil society organisations, such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).

Since early 2000, Indonesia has also seen more practices of ecolabelling, especially for the European market.

And last, global industry multipartite projects codes, such as the UN Global Compact, Global Reporting Initiative, Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), Roundtable on Responsible Soya (RTRS) and Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB).

It is interesting to note that while Indonesia relies heavily on mining-minerals and palm oil exports, the international market and community see the two sectors differently.

Both of them are operating in a logged-over forest area and have faced local and regional resistance, especially from environmental and indigenous groups.

However, the international market and community do not need any substantial efforts from Indonesian companies to adopt the ICMM Framework.

On the other hand, palm oil companies face an international campaign led by international NGOs, demanding more sustainable practices.

While some parties believe that the negative campaign is ignited from trade wars from countries exporting other vegetable oils, we still need to take some precautionary and risk forward mitigating strategies by acknowledging that there has been a shift of power and authority in industry standards setting.

Government regulations have been progressively seen by international actors as inadequate to the changing environment. Consumers, market and civil society groups demand for more prudent and credible regulations with more stringent parameters and conditions.

There are some evolving regulations, such as the UN Global Compact, GRI Sustainability Reporting Guidelines, ISO, RSPO, ICMM’ Sustainable Development Framework and also FSC.

By applying those voluntary standards, either through the certifying process and products or labelling, we can expect that our exports can further strengthen the Indonesian economy and distribute wealth to all parts of the country.

Further, the voluntary nature does not prevent the market from imposing the standards as new platforms or requirements.

Some European countries, initiated by the Netherlands, have pledged to only buy certified sustainable palm oil by 2015. It is expected that such commitments will snowball and attract other countries to follow suit.

It is believed that the demand for a sustainable commodity will also go beyond palm oil, to the mining and metal industry.

To sustain economic growth and promote the added value of commodity industries the government has to take lead in advocating the industries to adhere to the global business standards.

The Indonesian industry needs to proactively engage in the formulation of international business regulations within multipartite and roundtable forums, such as the FSC, RSPO, RTRS and RSB. We need to use the forums to promote more realistic and acceptable standards.

The government needs to encourage the industry to embrace the global standards or international business regulations on top of national laws. The industry, on the other hand, must be able to adapt and mitigate the changing market behavior and standard setting.

The writer is head of sustainability at an agribusiness company. The views expressed are his own.

Link : http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/05/31/the-new-era-international-business-regulations.html

Inpres Moratorium Kehutanan : Diperlukan Adanya Terobosan Kebijakan

Sumber : Suara Karya Online
30 Mei 2011

Pelaksanaan Instruksi Presiden (Inpres) Nomor 10 Tahun 2011 akan lebih efektif jika diikuti petunjuk pelaksana, khususnya terkait pemanfaatan lahan yang dinilai legal.

Seperti diketahui, pemerintah menerbitkan Inpres Nomor 10 Tahun 2011 tentang Penundaan Pemberian Izin Baru (Moratorium) dan Penyempurnaan Tata Kelola Hutan Alam Primer dan Lahan Gambut pada 20 Mei 2011. Penundaan izin baru itu ditetapkan selama dua tahun dengan beberapa pengecualian. Pengecualian dari ketentuan inpres ini hanya untuk usaha tanaman padi, gula, dan energi.

Ketua Bidang Advokasi dan Tenaga Kerja Gabungan Pengusaha Kelapa Sawit Indonesia (Gapki) Haposan Panjaitan mengatakan, Inpres Moratorium ini akan lebih efektif bisa mencapai tujuannya jika diikuti dengan terobosan kebijakan, terutama dalam upaya pemanfaatan hutan terdegradasi.

“Harus ada terobosan kebijakan, termasuk untuk sektor perkebunan, dibanding sekadar dibiarkan terbengkalai (lahan hutan gundul),” katanya di Jakarta, kemarin.

Menurut Haposan, potensi sektor perkebunan tidak dapat dianggap sepele. Tanaman kelapa sawit memberikan pendapatan sekitar Rp 4 juta dari setiap kapling plasma. Ini jauh di atas upah minimum provinsi (UMP) serta berhasil membuka akses daerah pedalaman dan meningkatkan perekonomian daerah. Pada 2010, kelapa sawit menyumbang devisa sebesar 16,3 miliar dolar AS. Apabila digabung dengan karet, maka menjadi 25,7 miliar dolar AS. Ini berarti mendekati ekspor migas sebesar 28 miliar dolar AS.

Rata-rata pertumbuhan absolut permintaan minyak dan lemak dunia adalah 5 juta ton per tahun. Jadi tepat disumbang oleh sawit yang produktivitasnya jauh di atas minyak nabati lainnya. Haposan menjelaskan, Indonesia boleh berbangga hati sebagai salah satu pemasok utama minyak sawit untuk dunia dan menikmati manfaat ekonominya.

“Tentu kita tidak mau posisi strategis ini akan disusul oleh negara-negara tropis di Afrika yang mulai mengembangkan komoditas ini, sementara pengembangannya di dalam negeri tersendat,” ucapnya.

Presiden SBY dalam kesempatan pertemuan dengan pengurus Gapki membuat catatan tentang pentingnya melakukan revisi berbagai perundangan yang terkait dengan penataan ruang. Ini untuk memberikan kesempatan pemanfaatan ruang untuk kepentingan ekonomis dan ekologis.

Tindak lanjutnya bisa saja berupa realisasi wacana yang mengemuka. Ini untuk mengklasifikasi sawit sebagai tanaman hutan atau membuat aturan mozaik jenis tanaman. Dengan ini akan meningkatkan ikatan karbon di kawasan terdegradasi (carbon sequestration).

Haposan menyebutkan, Indonesia memiliki sekitar 130 juta hektare kawasan hutan dan sekitar 40 juta hektare di antaranya adalah kawasan terdegradasi. Tentu akan jauh lebih bermanfaat apabila kawasan yang didominasi oleh ilalang tersebut ditanami dengan tanaman produktif/perkebunan.

Persoalannya adalah keberadaan berbagai peraturan perundangan yang terkait dengan tata ruang, khususnya yang menyangkut kawasan hutan. (Antara/Andrian)

Link : http://www.suarakarya-online.com/news.html?id=279790

 

Peta Indikatif Inpres Moratorium Hutan Diragukan

Sumber : Prima Online
30 Mei 2011
Oleh Oki Baren

Akurasi Peta Indikatif dalam lampiran Instruksi Presiden (Inpres) Nomor 10/2011 tentang Penundaan Izin Baru dan Penyempurnaan Tata Kelola Hutan Alam Primer dan Lahan Gambut, diragukan.

Pasalnya, berdasarkan hasil uji petik yang dilakukan oleh Greenomics Indonesia terhadap blok-blok hutan alam primer pada peta indikatif tersebut, ditemukan sedikitnya sembilan blok besar yang diklaim sebagai hutan alam primer ternyata kondisinya lebih didominasi oleh hutan alam sekunder.

“Ketidakakurasian tersebut juga berpotensi besar bisa digugat secara hukum,” papar Direktur Eksekutif Greenomics Indonesia, Elfian Effendi, kepada primaironline.com, di Jakarta, Senin (30/5).

Greenomics meminta agar pemerintah memberi penjelasan atas indikasi ketidakakurasian peta indikatif tersebut, karena hal itu terkait langsung dengan kredibilitas sebuah Instruksi Presiden Republik Indonesia.

Menurut Elfian, beberapa kawasan konservasi yang kondisi tutupan hutannya sudah berupa hutan alam sekunder ternyata diklaim sebagai hutan alam primer. Klaim tersebut ditemukan pada blok-blok hutan alam di Pulau Sumatera dan Kalimantan.

“Ada indikasi, Inpres tersebut ingin memaksimalkan luas areal moratorium dari kawasan konservasi dan hutan lindung agar terkesan luas areal hutan yang terkena moratorium menjadi luas secara total. Diduga, cara yang ditempuh adalah dengan meningkatkan status hutan alam sekunder menjadi hutan alam primer,” ujar Elfian.

Kondisi tersebut, lanjut Elfian, memperlihatkan tidak sinkronnya antara isi Inpres dan lampirannya (peta indikatif).

Elfian mencontohkan, dua blok kawasan konservasi di Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah yang diklaim oleh peta indikatif sebagai hutan alam primer, ternyata menurut data Kementerian Kehutanan merupakan tutupan hutan yang didominasi oleh hutan alam sekunder. (feb)

Link : http://www.primaironline.com/berita/ekonomi/1257305-peta-indikatif-inpres-moratorium-hutan-diragukan

JOB : USAID IFACS – Technical Coordinator Position

Source : INCL
May 30, 2011

Tetra Tech ARD is currently accepting expressions of interest for a Technical Coordinator on our USAID Indonesia Forestry and Climate Support Project (USAID IFACS). The USAID IFACS Project is a 4-year project designed to support USAID Indonesia’s Country Program Strategy 2009 – 2014, Objective 2: “Sustainable Management of Natural Resources”, Intermediate Result 1 “Improved Management of Forest Ecosystems”. USAID IFACS seeks to reduce the threats of deforestation and climate change, and help the Government of Indonesia (GOI) conserve the country’s tropical forests, wildlife, and ecosystem processes (including carbon sequestration). This full-time, two year position will be based in Jakarta and as soon as possible.

Responsibilities:
• Supervise the Jakarta based technical unit; including spatial planning, lansdscape conservation, private sector, community development and communication specialist.
• Coordinate and manage the technical direction and support to 4 regional offices to ensure integrated program development and implementation in eight target landscapes;
• Contribute to the development of all project deliverables including work plans, performance monitoring plans and monthly, quarterly, annual, and trip reports;
• Build the local management capacity within USAID IFACS and partner organizations, by building internal management systems that include individual work plans, structured meetings to review advances to hold people accountable, team meetings to establish team moral and resolve issues facing the technical unit, among others; and
• Conduct periodic reviews of staff’s performance and make recommendations for changes, annual increases, and promotions as appropriate.

Required Qualifications:
• Masters (minimum) in forestry, ecology, private sector enterprise (SME), sustainable development or the equivalent experience and technical skills;
• At least 15 years of experience implementing international development programs focused on sustainable forest management, sustainable natural resource use or closely related fields;
• Ability to oversee and manage a strong technical team by developing management systems and working with local staff to place them into action; training local staff to adapt these systems and take on increasing management responsibilities;
• A team leader and player as demonstrated by having led numerous teams on projects or doing project design and evaluation work, producing quality deliverables;
• Strong writing skills in English and experience producing high quality deliverables to USAID such as technical reports, work plans, annual, and quarterly reports, etc.
• Experience working in Indonesia and strong Bahasa language skills are required;
• Must be able to prepare written documents and reports in English.

To Apply:
Please email full, current CV in reverse chronological format with 3 references, a brief cover letter explaining why you are qualified for the position to recruitment@ifacs.or.id referring to Technical Coordinator in the subject line by COB 10 June, 2011. Candidates best meeting position requirements will be contacted. No phone calls, please.

Tetra Tech ARD is committed to diversity and gender equality in all of its operations – in the U.S and overseas. We strive to reflect these goals in our global mission and in our workplace. We encourage applications from women and underrepresented ethnic, racial and cultural groups. Tetra Tech ARD is proud to be an Affirmative Action/ Equal Opportunity Employer.

 

 

Kawasan Timur Inpres 10/2011 Dinilai Mengada-ada

Sumber : Media Indonesia
30 Mei 2011
Oleh Daniel Wesly Rudolf

Kebijakan pemerintah mengeluarkan Instruksi Presiden No 10/2011 tentang Penundaan Pemberian Izin Baru dan Penyempurnaan Tata Kelola Hutan Alam Primer dan Lahan Gambut untuk mengatasi emisi gas karbon dinilai mengada-ada.

Menurut peneliti dari Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB) Supiandi Sabiham, lahan gambut berpotensi sebagai pendukung dalam sistem produksi dan masalah emisi dapat ditekan sekecil mungkin. “Dengan manajemen yang tepat, lahan gambut berpotensi sebagai pendukung dalam sistem berproduksi, dan masalah emisi carbon dapat ditekan sekecil mungkin,” ujar Supiandi di Jakarta, Senin (30/5).

Dia menjelaskan, pemanfaatan lahan gambut untuk perkebunan justru dapat membantu mengurangi emisi carbon. Dicontohkannya, untuk perkebunan sawit, tanaman sawit dapat menyerap emisi carbon sekitar 22 t per hektar tiap tahun. Bila ada minimal 2 juta lahan gambut dimanfaatkan buat tanaman sawit tiap tahun, maka sekitar 44 juta t carbon terserap.

“Jadi yang terpenting adalah manajemen pengelolaan lahan gambut harus berkesinambungan antara produksi dan lingkungan. Bukan dengan pemberhentian izin,” ujarnya. (*/OL-8)

Link : http://www.mediaindonesia.com/read/2011/05/30/229963/89/14/Inpres-102011-Dinilai-Mengada-ada

A plea for a REDD plus plus approach

Source: Climate Change Info Mailist

A paper by Kees Stigter (INSAM, cjstigter@usa.net) and Mohan Reddy (Hyderabad Water Forum, Mohanreddyv1@gmail.com) on “A plea for a REDD plus plus approach (with a massive participatory raising and nursing of trees in the agricultural environment)”, that now appeared on the INSAM website:

http://www.agrometeorology.org/topics/environment-and-sustainability/a-plea-for-a-redd-plus-plus-approach

There has recently been quite some discussion on the REDD planning, with REDD the Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation. This also applies to Indonesia and India, where we live. Discussing this for Indonesia, Yansen (2010) argues that “our participation in nature based solutions for climate mitigation and adaptation is the right pathway to follow. (……) The development from REDD to REDD plus is a good sign of the changing paradigm on the plan itself. REDD plus does not just view natural forests as carbon stock, but far more importantly, as natural ecosystem service resources. (…..) Thus, a plan such as REDD plus not only gives us a chance to contribute to global warming mitigation, but also plays a significant role in conserving the tropical ecosystem itself”.

We are convinced that another additional step has to be taken in this reasoning, making use of agroforestry. (……) Applying agroforestry we are mimicking nature, particularly some classical traditional tropical ecosystems (e.g. Stigter, 2010). We have to go a next step to REDD plus plus, that would mean not only conserving the tropical ecosystem, what we do with REDD plus, but creating and mimicking in agricultural production such tropical ecosystems. Such ecosystems not only sequester carbon dioxide but at the same time considerably improve the agricultural environment by the massive use of trees, raising and nursing them in a participatory approach in the often degraded agricultural environment. This is at the same time an adaptation strategy to climate change.

Or download in here: INSAMKS&MRVREDD++