Daily Archives: August 25, 2011

Deforestasi Banyak Terjadi di Hutan Lindung

Sumber : Kompas – 25 Agustus 2011
Oleh Ratih P Sudarsono

Hutan tropis yang ditetapkan sebagai kawasan hutan lindung, memiliki tingkat deforestasi tahunan jauh lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan wilayah hutan yang dikelola masyarakat lokal. Hal ini memperkuat bantahan terhadap anggapan yang selama ini diyakini bahwa cara terbaik melestarikan hutan adalah dengan menjadikannya hutan lindung.

“Hasil penelitian kami menunjukkan bahwa memagari hutan dan menetapkannya sebagai hutan lindung, tidak selalu menjamin terpeliharanya tutupan hutan dalam jangka waktu lama, jika dibandingkan dengan wilayah hutan yang dikelola masyarakat lokal. Bahkan pada kenyataannya, hutan lindung lebih banyak kehilangan pohon,” kata Manuel Guariguata, Peneliti Senior di Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), sebagaimana dikutip dalam siaran pers yang dikeluarkan CIFOR, Bogor, Kamis (25/8/2011).

Dia memaparkan, beberapa studi terpisah dari berbagai wilayah hutan tropis menunjukkan bahwa pengelolaan hutan berbasis masyarakat, dapat lebih efektif daripada hutan lindung, dalam memperlambat laju deforestasi. Hasil studi masalah itu, yang dipublikasikan dalam Jurnal Forest Ecology & Management, menunjukkan bahwa temuan-temuan terdahulu tersebut dapat membentuk tren yang lebih luas.

Laporan ini juga menggarisbawahi temuan-temuan para peneliti sebelumnya yang menunjukkan bahwa otonomi yang lebih besar di tingkat lokal untuk membuat aturan, memiliki kaitan dengan pengelolaan hutan dan manfaat penghidupan yang lebih baik.

Link : http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2011/08/25/20094982/Deforestasi.Banyak.Terjadi.di.Hutan.Lindung

Report says tropical countries fail to bring social justice

August 25, 2011

Tropical countries that seek a share of billions of dollars of climate finance in return for protecting their forests risk creating strategies that fail to bring social and environmental benefits.

This is contained in a report released on Thursday by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and forwarded to the Ghana News Agency.

The report draws on the work of Forest Governance Learning Group (FGLG) teams in 10 countries in Africa and Asia to promote decision making about forests that is fair and sustainable.

It highlights success stories at the national level in which FGLG teams have influenced policy to promote outcomes that benefit forest-dependent communities who have been marginalised.

On the international stage the FGLG teams have focused on how their countries are preparing for REDD+, a system being developed to reward countries that maintain or increase their forest to limit emissions of greenhouse gases from deforestation.

FGLG teams in Ghana, Indonesia, Mozambique, Tanzania and Vietnam report that national plans for REDD+ could do more harm than good.

In many countries top-down, government-led plans for REDD+ have been rushed through and focus more on how to count carbon stored in trees than on how to actually implement a system that brings real benefits for communities, biodiversity and the climate.

On Ghana, the report revealed that for almost a century the timber business has been dominated by large companies who have been given concessions by the state.

It said failure of the system to allow local people to gain substantial benefits from the forest has led to a proliferation of unauthorized chainsaw operators who now account for the majority of trees felled in Ghana.

The report said many local people have decided to extract timber for their own benefits, regardless of a law which forbids it.

It said attempts to enforce the law had failed, often with loss of life in the process.

The report said some communities and chainsaw operators had recognised the problems and were taking matters into their own hands.

Some have formed the Domestic Lumber Trade Association, to press for legalisation.

With the NGO coalition ForestWatch Ghana and the government’s Forestry Commission, the Forest Governance Learning Group is working to abandon the pretence that the state could control timber trees on farmers’ lands and to explore better deals for local control of forestry.

Dr James Mayers, the Head of IIED’s Natural Resources Group and co-author of the FGLG report, said “REDD remains forestry’s best hope yet it must be built from the bottom up.”

“Strategies are difficult to turn around once they head off in the wrong direction and the costs of bad strategy for forests are extremely high,” he said.

Dr Mayers said to realise justice in the forests, policymakers must turn REDD on its head and put control of the forests into local hands.

The FGLG teams bring together representatives of communities, governments, civil society organisations, businesses and the media to influence policymaking.

FGLG teams operate in Ghana, Cameroon, India, Indonesia, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda and Vietnam.

GNA

Link: http://www.eturbonews.com/24825/governors-climate-forum-annual-meeting-2011-be-held-central-kali

Governors’ Climate Forum Annual Meeting 2011 to be held in central Kalimantan

August 25, 2011

Some 30 governors from various countries will gather at the Luwansa Hotel at Palangkaraya, the capital of the central Kalimantan province in Indonesia, from September 20 to 22 to attend The Governors’ Climate Forum (GCF) Annual Meeting 2011.

The Annual Meeting is a unique opportunity for information exchange and progress on the GCF’s Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)-related objectives. The former California governor – and one of the initiators of GCF – Arnold Schwarzenegger, is scheduled to attend the event.

The meeting will include: a high-level session attended by ministers, governors, environment secretaries, and other governmental and inter-governmental organization representatives; key updates from member states and provinces on major GCF developments including the GCF REDD+ Knowledge Database and the GCF Fund; and facilitated breakout sessions on high priority topics including alignment of national and sub-national REDD policies and environmental and social safeguards, which will result in concrete action items for the GCF moving forward.

The Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF) is a unique sub-national collaboration between 15 states and provinces from the United States, Brazil, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Mexico that seeks to integrate Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) and other forest carbon activities into emerging greenhouse gas (GHG) compliance regimes in the United States and elsewhere. As such, the GCF represents an important component of broader efforts to mobilize and advance financing for REDD activities on a pay-for-performance basis; to provide recommendations for legal and regulatory design of GHG compliance markets to recognize REDD activities; to build capacity for such activities in large subnational jurisdictions in key tropical forest countries; and to develop institutions and programs for linking subnational REDD activities with ongoing national and international efforts.

The Governors’ Climate and Forests (GCF) Task Force originated in November 2008 with a meeting called the Governors’ Global Climate Summit in Los Angeles. At the meeting, the governors of the states of California, Illinois, and Wisconsin signed a Memorandum of Understanding to work with the governors of six states in Indonesia and Brazil on reducing deforestation. A press release about the MoU from the office of Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor of California at the time, stated that “This agreement is the first state-to-state, sub-national agreement focused on reducing emissions from deforestation and land degradation (REDD) programs.”

The island of Kalimantan itself counts eight large national parks, two among which are renowned orang utan reserves located in the province of Central Kalimantan. These are the Tanjung Puting National Park near Pangkalan Bun, and the Sebangau National Park, habitat to the largest community of orangutans in the wild.

How to get to Palangkaraya: please click Palangkaraya: Get There.

For more information on the Governors’ Climate Forum, visit the GCF official website: http://www.gcftaskforce.org/.

Link: http://www.eturbonews.com/24825/governors-climate-forum-annual-meeting-2011-be-held-central-kali