Source : WWF- December 13, 2011
The United Nations Framework Conventions on Climate Change (UNFCC) COP 17 n Durban finally closed two days earlier than its schedule. The final agreement reached at the Durban talks has not addressed the need of legally binding commitment towards a global emission reduction, particularly those developed countries (Annex I Kyoto Protocol) to uphold their global temperature increase to below 2°C. In fact, some scenarios in Durban could lead to unstable future,which sets us on a path towards 4°C warming world!
However this heart-breaking result is not a surprise It reflects that although all countr ies have experienced the danger of climae change, most of them are still under domestic political pressure. Some developed countries, after all, hesitate to push strong will to support multilateral agreement.
WWF-Indonesia Climate and Energy Program Director, Nyoman Iswarayoga said, “The extension of the Kyoto Protocol into the second commitment period from 2013 to 2018 has swept away people’s anxiety toward the core spirit of the “common but differentiated responsibility” principle. However, we need to boldly underline that this second commitment is not strong enough to tackle climate change challenges both for developed and developing countries. The Quantified Emission Limitaton or Reduction Objectives (QELROS) is also excluded in the commitment.”
The most notable outcome of COP17, “The Durban Platform,” operates the Cancun Agreement which includes the establishment of Adaptation Committee, Technology Mechanism, and Green Climate Fund.
“Unfortunateley, the Durban Platform committed by 195 countries has only negotiated a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force by 2015 with implementation from 2020,” he emphasized.
Many negotiators had left Durban with disappointment due to the slow negotiaton process and no binding deals.
Homeworks for Indonesia
Apart from the international agreement reached in Durban, hope that all decision makers and negotiators in all countries, including Indonesia acknowledge that climate change has made the human basic needs; Food, water, and energy are in their critical points.
In order to free from “Busines-as-Usual” scenario, commitments and real actions which are able to bring us to the expected threshold of green house gas emission are urgently needed. Therefore, on the road to the next COP 18 in Qatar, every stage of negotiation in Durban has not only created hope or become a discourse, but it has to support the completion of a series of unfinished tasks Indonesia has brought home.
For example, Nyoman mentioned some aspects related to the negotiation progress on REDD+:
1. For full implementation and operation, instuments or basic infrastructure elements for instanceNational Strategy, which covers REL/RL, MRV, and safeguard
information system have to be prepared
2. Indonesia has to continue the efforts on implementing voluntary commitments which have been regulated in Presidential Regulation 61/2011 on National Action Plan for reducing Greenhouse Gas emission. Thus, the REDD pilot project in Indonesia will be supported with regulatory certainty.
3. Through various REDD+ pogram and National Action Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas emission, Indonesian Delegations can play significant role after Durban talks by encouraging other parties particularly developed countries to inscribe their commitments.
Meanwhile for adaptation, he highlighted the importance of National Action Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas emission and how Indonesia can function the Adaptation Committee and Adaptation fund to improve our adaptability and resilience toward disastrous climate change.
Dealing with climate change threats needs collective actions from various sectors. By doing so, we will be able to secure the global average temperature rise below 2°C, the expected threshold to avoid catastrophic warming.
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Notes to Editor:
About WWF- Indonesia
World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) is a global conservation organization, a network organizations which operates in close to 100 countries worldwide. WWF-Indonesia is a part of this independent foundation, registered under Indonesian law. In carrying out its conservation work, WWF-Indonesia has 25 project offices in 17 provinces. This organization works with local governments through practical field projects, scientific research, advising local governments on environmental policy, promoting environmental education, empowering communities, and raising awareness on environmental issues. More info about WWF, visit www.panda.org; or our local site http://www.wwf.or.id and WWF-Indonesia supporter website in http://www.supporterwwf.org