Source : VIVA News – December 23, 2011
By Muhammad Firman, Iwan Kurniawan
Indonesia expects to see growth in greenhouse gas emissions by 2 percent per year, reaching 2.80 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalents by 2020 and 3.60 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalents by 2030. The nation is today dubbed the world’s third largest producer of greenhouse gas.
The main sources of the increase in greenhouse gas emissions are power plants, transportation and peatlands, said Vidhi Yaduvanshi, Frost&Sullivan Consultant of Environment and Building Technologies in Asia and Pacific. “The deforestation of both peatlands and non-peatlands contribute to 80 percent of greenhouse gas emissions in Indonesia,” he said today. “The energy sector has been the second largest CO2 contributor in 2011.”
The flowering of industrialization has helped boost consumption of primary energy in terms of fossil-based fuel use. Air pollution in Indonesia’s major cities, said Eugene van de Weerd, Frost&Sullivan Indonesia Country Director, is made worse by exhaust gas emissions, usage of low quality fuel, and poor ruling of law. “It is worsened by the use of subsidized fuel,” said Weerd.
To date, the Indonesian government in 2009 set the target on carbon emissions decrease by 26 percent in 2020. It is expected that the reduction in carbon emissions will be possible through the use of mixed and renewable energy including geothermal, Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF), and peatlands use management.
The government had allocated US$212.70 million per year in 2010 to finance the REDD program. Indonesia will likely roll up the fund allocation to US$220 million by 2012.